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Why All Documents Are Evidence But All Evidence Are Not Document?



Section 3 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 defines the term 'document' as any matter expressed or described upon any substance by means of letters, figures or marks, or by more than one of those means, intended to be used, or which may be used, for the purpose of recording that matter.


“ Evidence” means and includes all statements which the Court permits or requires to be made before it by witnesses, in relation to matters of fact under inquiry, such statements are called oral evidence; all documents including electronic records produced for the inspection of the Court, such documents are called documentary evidence.


All documents are evidence but all evidence are not document because evidence also includes all statements which the court permits or requires to be made before it by witnesses, in relation to matters of fact under inquiry.

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