What Jammu & Kashmir Reorganization Bill 2019 is all about?
Updated: Aug 27, 2019
Generally, Jammu & Kashmir Reorganization Bill 2019 is based on the resolution to revoke Article 370 of the Indian Constitution and bifurcation of the Jammu and Kashmir to two Union Territories.
To declare abrogation of the provisions of Article 370 of the Constitution, which gave special status to Jammu and Kashmir, the bill has been signed by President Ram Nath Kovind.
The Bill contains 103 clauses, extends 106 central and 7 existing state laws with amendments in many of these to the proposed UTs and repeals 153 state laws and Governor's Acts
Rajya Sabha passed the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Bill, 2019 by voice vote as 125 votes were in favour while 61 were against and adopted the resolutions to scrap Article 370 and Article 35A in Jammu and Kashmir.
Government had moved the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Bill 2019 for consideration and passage in Lok Sabha on August 6, 2019.
Lok Sabha passed this bill with a majority of 270 votes in favour.
The provisions of 10% reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) among the general category was also passed in the house under The Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Second Amendment) Bill 2019.
The Bill provided that the state of Jammu & Kashmir would be bifurcated to two union territories, one comprising of Jammu & Kashmir with a legislative assembly and another Ladakh comprising of the Kargil and Leh districts but without a legislature.
The state legislature term of the union territory of Jammu & Kashmir would be for five years and the number of seats to be filled through direct elections would be 107. The total number of seats would be increased to 114.
Articles 324 to 327 and 329, including delimitation of constituencies, would be applicable to conduct the elections.
The President of India, Ram Nath Kovind on the recommendation of the Parliament,has signed off the order declaring that all provisions of Article 370 shall cease to be operative from August 6, 2019,except the following:
“370. All provisions of this Constitution, as amended from time to time, without any modifications or exceptions, shall apply to the State of Jammu and Kashmir notwithstanding anything contrary contained in article 152 or article 308 or any other article of this Constitution or any other provision of the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir or any law, document, judgement, ordinance, order, by-law, rule, regulation, notification, custom or usage having the force of law in the territory of India, or any other instrument, treaty or agreement as envisaged under article 363 or otherwise.”