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Types of Law In Indian Judicial System



There are four types of law that we have in our Judicial system. Here are the follows:



Criminal Law

It’s the law enforced by the police and dealt with by the Indian Penal Code, 1860; Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973; and the Indian Evidence Act, 1872. According to the British Criminal Law, the Indian Penal Code deals with basic crimes like rape, murder, assault, cybercrime, drugs and robbery. The terms of these laws are applicable to all resident foreigners, Indian citizens both within and outside the country. Any kind of crime which is a threat against the people of the society falls under the ambit of Criminal Law.

Civil Law

The Civil law is a law that looks at actions that aren’t the crime. It’s a part of the law dealing with disputes between organizations and people. It covers totally different areas similar to defamation, custody of youngsters, proper to training, divorce, commerce union membership, property disputes, possession points, Copy Proper, insurance coverage claims and many others. For instance, an individual by pressure took over another person property with out his/her permission and never vacating it or one firm sue another over a trade dispute or car crash victims claims from the driver for loss or injury sustained in an accident.


Common law

The Common Law also known as case law or Judicial precedent or judge-made law is a section of law which is derived from the judicial decision of courts and similar tribunals. As the name suggests it is common to all. The example set by higher courts is binding on cases tried in lower courts. Lower courts can also choose to overturn the precedent, but this rarely occurs.


Example of a common law marriage is when two people have lived together for 10 or more years. They have thus and legal rights to share their assets because of it.

Statutory law

It is termed used to define return loss usually enacted by a legislative body. It varies from regulatory or administrative laws common law or the law created by prior Court decisions. A bill is proposed in the legislature and voted upon. For example, you are given a citation for violating the speed limit, you have broken a vehicle and traffic law.


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