The Motor Vehicles Amendment Act, 2019, which contains 63 provisions that deal with penalties, licenses, registration and the National Transport Policy is implemented from 1st September,2019.
The transport ministry issued a notification on August 28 listing out all the laws that will be coming into effect from September 1, 2019. This act aims to improve road safety and help citizens in their dealings with transport departments.
President Of India, Ram Nath Kovind gave his assent to the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019 on August 9, 2019. The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was passed by the Rajya Sabha on July 31, 2019. The bill was passed in the upper house with three key amendments so it had to be sent back to the Lok Sabha for approval. Thus,The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was passed by the Parliament on August 5.
Some Main Features Of The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019
The Motor Vehicle (amendment) Bill 2019 amends the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 to tackle issues like regulation of taxi aggregators, third party insurance and road safety.
The penalty for driving without license will go up from Rs 500 to Rs 5,000.
In case of drunken driving, imprisonment up to 6 months and/or a fine of up to Rs 10,000 for first time offense. For the second offense, there will be a prison term of up to 2 years and/or a fine of Rs 15,000 will be imposed.
Penalty for racing and speeding has been increased to imprisonment of up to 1 month and/or fine up to Rs 500 for first offence; imprisonment of up to 1 month and/or fine of up to Rs 10,000 for second offence.
According the new Motor Vehicles Act, a person can be penalized an amount of Rs 2,000 and/or imprisoned for up to 3 months for the first time you are caught driving an uninsured vehicle.
Section 199A of the Act imposes liability on guardian or the owner of the vehicle responsible for an accident caused by a juvenile.
Punishment for juveniles for offences will include Rs 25,000 and imprisonment up to 3 years and cancellation of registration of motor vehicle for 12 months. The juvenile will also become ineligible to obtain learners' license until the age of 25 years.
This Bill seeks maximum accountability for third party insurance in case of a vehicle accident at Rs 10 lac in case of death and Rs. 5 Lac in case of grievous injury.
The Bill mandates the recall of defective motor vehicles if the defect may cause a threat to the environment, or the driver or other people on the road. In such a case, the recalled vehicle's manufacturer will have to repay the vehicle owner the full cost of the vehicle or replace the defective vehicle with another vehicle of similar make.
Aadhaar card has been made mandatory for getting a driving licence and vehicle registration.
The minimum educational qualification to drive a transport vehicle has been removed.
In case of hit-and-run, the compensation amount provided by the government has been to the victim’s family has been increased from Rs 25,000 to Rs 2 lakh.
The penalty for motor vehicles is proposed to be increased by 10 percent every year.