Updated: Dec 8, 2019
The original Constitution of India adopted on 26 January 1950, and it was not a typeset or printed document but was handwritten and calligraphed in both English and Hindi. And now, it is preserved in a special helium-filled case in the library of the Parliament of India.
It was entirely handcrafted by the artists of Shantiniketan under the guidance of Acharya Nandalal Bose, with the calligraphy texts done by Prem Behari Narain Raizada in Delhi.
Dr. BR Ambedkar was appointed the head of the drafting committee on August 28, 1947, with one objective - draft a permanent and organized constitution for India. The draft was submitted in November 1947. After the submission, it took three more years to complete it.
The drafting committee went back to its roots and referred to the Government of India Act,1935. Then, after141 days into working on it, a first draft of the constitution was submitted to the Assembly on November 4, 1947.
The Constituent Assembly had 284 members, out of which 15 were women, assembly sessions took place 166 days, for a period of two years. Finally, on January 24, 1950, signatures were made by members of the Assembly on the two hand-written copies (Hindi and English) of the final draft of the Constitution of India.
Thus, the constitution came into effect on January 26 with 448 Articles in 22 Parts, 12 Schedules, and 97 Amendments.
The national emblem of India too was adopted on the same day.
President of Indonesia, Sukarno was the first Guest of Honour in India for the Republic Day celebration in 1950.
The Constitution of India is known as a bag of borrowings as the concepts of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity were taken from the French constitution; five-year plans was taken from the USSR; the Directive Principles were taken from Ireland and the law on which the Supreme Court functions were taken from Japan.
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