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The Brief Past History Of Constitution Of India

Updated: Dec 8, 2019

  • The original Constitution of India adopted on 26 January 1950, and it was not a typeset or printed document but was handwritten and calligraphed in both English and Hindi. And now, it is preserved in a special helium-filled case in the library of the Parliament of India.

  • It was entirely handcrafted by the artists of Shantiniketan under the guidance of Acharya Nandalal Bose, with the calligraphy texts done by Prem Behari Narain Raizada in Delhi.


  • Dr. BR Ambedkar was appointed the head of the drafting committee on August 28, 1947, with one objective - draft a permanent and organized constitution for India. The draft was submitted in November 1947. After the submission, it took three more years to complete it.

  • The drafting committee went back to its roots and referred to the Government of India Act,1935. Then, after141 days into working on it, a first draft of the constitution was submitted to the Assembly on November 4, 1947.

  • The Constituent Assembly had 284 members, out of which 15 were women, assembly sessions took place 166 days, for a period of two years. Finally, on January 24, 1950, signatures were made by members of the Assembly on the two hand-written copies (Hindi and English) of the final draft of the Constitution of India.

  • Thus, the constitution came into effect on January 26 with 448 Articles in 22 Parts, 12 Schedules, and 97 Amendments.

  • The national emblem of India too was adopted on the same day.

  • President of Indonesia, Sukarno was the first Guest of Honour in India for the Republic Day celebration in 1950.


  • The Constitution of India is known as a bag of borrowings as the concepts of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity were taken from the French constitution; five-year plans was taken from the USSR; the Directive Principles were taken from Ireland and the law on which the Supreme Court functions were taken from Japan.


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