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Suo Moto Cognizance: Briefly Explained With 9 Important Points or Facts


  • A Suo Moto cognizance is a Latin term which means an action taken by a government agency, court, or other central authority on their own apprehension.

  • Suo Moto cognizance is when the courts in India take a case on their own and has been warranted under Article 32 & Article 226 of the constitution.

  • Suo Moto cases in India are generally taken up by the Supreme Court.


  • Various courts in India have initiated legal proceedings on their own based on media reports, telegrams, and letters received by aggrieved people, taking a Suo Moto cognizance of the issue.

  • Suo Moto action is when a High Court or Supreme Court on its own take control over the matter or the case.

  • The court generally initiates a case for Suo Moto contempt against an officer who prevents the delivery of justice or challenges the dignity of the court.


  • If some new and substantial evidence is discovered after a case is closed, the courts have the power to take Suo Moto action and reopen the case to try it again.

  • Suo Moto’s power of supreme court has been provided under Article 131 of the Indian Constitution.

  • The Suo Moto has its genesis in the concept of “Epistolary Jurisdiction”, which emerged in the late seventies through judicial activism in order to make the judicial process more accessible to poor, socially, and economically disadvantaged sections of the Society.


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