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Suicide Pacts: Meaning | Provisions | Punishment & More


A suicide pact is an agreed plan between two or more individuals to commit suicide. The plan may be to die together, or separately and closely timed. When two or more persons agree to commit suicide together with help of each other but one or more of them survives after the attempt then not only he will be guilty of attempting to commit suicide but also for the abetment to commit suicide under section 306 of IPC.


Section 306 in The Indian Penal Code


If any person commits suicide, whoever abets the commission of such suicide, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine.


Suicide pacts are sometimes contrasted with mass suicides, understood as incidents in which a larger number of people kill themselves together for the same ideological reason, often within a religious, political, military, or paramilitary context. "Suicide pact" tends to connote small groups and non-ideological motivations, as do bonding as married or romantic partners, as family members or friends, or even as criminal partners.

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