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Purpose Of "Schedules" In Indian Constitution


Schedules are lists in the constitution that categorize and tabulate bureaucratic activity and government policy. The Indian Constitution originally had eight schedules. Four more schedules were added by different amendments, now making a total tally of twelve.

The 9th schedule was added via the First Amendment Act, while the 10th Schedule was first added by 35th Amendment {Sikkim as Associate State}. Once Sikkim became a state of India, the 10 Schedule was repealed but later added once again by 52th Amendment Act, 1985 in context with the “Anti-defection” law.


Here is a brief description of the schedules of the Indian Constitution:

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  • First schedule contains the list of states and union territories and their territories.

  • Second schedule lists the emoluments for holders of constitutional offices such as salaries of President, Vice President, Ministers, Judges and Comptroller and Auditor-General of India, etc.

  • Third Schedule contains the Forms of Oaths or Affirmations.

  • Fourth Schedule contains provisions as to the allocation of seats in the Council of States.

  • Fifth Schedule contains provisions as to the Administration and Control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes.

  • Sixth Schedule contains provisions as to the Administration of Tribal Areas in the States of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, and Mizoram.

  • Seventh Schedule contains the Union list, State list, and the concurrent list.

  • Eighth Schedule contains the list of recognized languages.


  • Ninth Schedule contains provisions as to the validation of certain Acts and Regulations.

  • Tenth Schedule contains provisions as to disqualification on ground of defection.

  • Eleventh Schedule contains the powers, authority, and responsibilities of Panchayats.

  • Twelfth Schedule contains the powers, authority and responsibilities of Municipalities.

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