Legal News/Affairs For The Month Of September & October 2020
The Ministry of Railways has proposed to decriminalise begging on trains or railway premises as part of an exercise to decriminalise or rationalise penalties under the provisions of the Railway Act, 1989. It also compounds the offence of smoking by levying spot fine and dropping all charges or action against the person involved.
The Supreme Court recently heard a petition that seeks legal entity status to the entire animal kingdom. The Chief Justice of India observed that the status involves giving animals a legal personality.
The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Personnel, Public Grievances, Law and Justice recommended to continue the virtual courts for some specific categories of cases even after the COVID-19 pandemic is over. The panel underlined that ‘Digital Justice’ is cheap, fast and citizen friendly. It increases the accessibility.
National Commission for Homeopathy Bill, 2019 has been passed by the Lok Sabha on 14th september. The bill is aimed at ensuring availability of high quality medical professionals for homeopathic treatment. Earlier, the bill was passed by the Rajya Sabha on 19th March 2020 during the Budget Session.
The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020 was introduced by the Union Minister of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare, Rural Development & Panchayati Raj, Shri Narendra Singh Tomar in Lok Sabha on September 14, 2020. The bill is aimed at transforming the agriculture in the country and raising farmers’ income.
Union Minister of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare, Rural Development & Panchayati Raj, Shri Narendra Singh Tomar introduced – The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020 and the Minister of State for Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution, Shri Raosaheb Patil Danve introduced The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020 in the Lok Sabha on September 14, 2020. The bills are aimed at transforming the agriculture besides raising farmers’ income.
The Salary, Allowances and Pension of Members of Parliament (Amendment) Bill, 2020 was passed by the Lok Sabha. The bill seeks to cut salaries of MPs by 30%.
Parliament passed the Institute of Teaching and Research in Ayurveda Bill, 2020 with approval from Rajya Sabha on September 16, 2020. Earlier, the lower house (Lok Sabha) had also passed the bill. Key Provisions of the Bill The bill seeks to establish an Institute of Teaching and Research (IoTR) in Ayurveda.
On September 17, 2020, the Union Food Processing Industries Minister Shrimati Harsimrat Kaur Badal resigned over the protest against the three farm sector bills. The President of India Ramnath Govind accepted the resignation under the advice of the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi.
On September 17, 2020, Lok Sabha passed two farm bills amidst the protests from the opposition. The bills were on agriculture market reforms and contract farming provisions. The bill to amend the essential commodities Act, yet another farm bill was passed on September 15, 2020.
On September 19, 2020, the Rajya Sabha passed the Insolvency and Bankruptcy code (second Amendment) Bill 2020. According to the new amendment, fresh insolvency proceedings will not be started for the next six months considering Covid-19 pandemic.
A bill was recently introduced in Lok Sabha to amend the FCRA act, 2010. FCRA act is Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act. The bill proposed to include public corporations owned and controlled by the Government of India under the list of entities that are not eligible to receive foreign funding.
On September 21, 2020, 12 opposition parties moved No-confidence resolution against the Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha. The resolution was moved over the passage of the controversial farm bills by voice vote.
On September 21, 2020, Lok Sabha passed Epidemic Diseases (Amendment) Bill 2020. It was first introduced in Rajya Sabha. The bill amends the Epidemic Diseases act 1897.
On September 23, 2020, Parliament passed the Taxation and other laws (Relaxation and Amendment of certain provisions) bill, 2020. It replaces an ordinance and will make few changes to direct and indirect tax laws. It was cleared in Rajya Sabha through voice vote. The bill was passed in Lok Sabha earlier.
The Major Port Authorities Bill, 2020 was recently passed in Lok Sabha. The bill aims to regulate, operate and plan major ports in India. It seeks to provide greater autonomy to ports in the country. It will replace Major Ports Act, 1963.
On September 25, 2020, the National Medical Commission began its operation. The Commission has replaced Medical Council of India. It is now the apex regulator of medical education and profession.
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has framed a Food Safety and Standards (Amendment) Bill, 2020. The bill introduces 70 amendments in the FSSAI act, 2006. It intends to revamp the functioning and jurisdiction of the FSSAI.
On October 1, 2020, the Supreme Court quashed the notification of Gujarat Government to exempt factories from paying overtime wages to workers. The apex court said that the burden of economic slowdown shall not be put on workers who are the backbone of the economic activity.
The Supreme Court appointed Ravi Chopra Committee has alleged that the Chardham road project has violated court order.
On October 12, 2020, the president Ramnath kovind assented the Gujarat Distributed Area act (Amendment) Bill 2019. The amendment will prohibit transfer of assets that is the immovable property in disturbed areas. Also, it will protect the tenants from vacating the property.
The United Nations high Commissioner for human rights is insisting India to revise its foreign contribution Regulation Act 2010.
The United States Justice Department recently sued Google alleging the company of illegally abusing it in the internet search. According to the department, Google is illegally using its dominant position in the internet market to advertise deals.
On October 21, 2020, the Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the adoption of Jammu and Kashmir Panchayati Raj act.
On October 21, 2020, Election Commission constituted a committee under Harish Kumar, the former director general investigation and the election commission Secretary General Umesh Sinha. The two- member committee will examine the expenditure limit of candidates contesting in Lok Sabha and Assembly Elections.
The Sri Lankan Parliament recently passed the 20th Amendment of Sri Lankan constitution.
The President of India has promulgated an ordinance to constitute an air quality commission for Air Quality Management in the National Capital Region and the areas adjoining it.
The National Informatics Centre recently claimed that it did not create the Arogya Setu mobile application. NIC claimed so in its reply to a Right to Information Query. Highlights The Ministry of Electronics and IT had earlier claimed that the Arogya Setu Application was launched by Government of India in Public-Private Partnership mode.
Chhattisgarh Assembly passed an amendment Bill to invalidate the Centre’s recently-notified agriculture legislations in one day session. The Assembly passed the Chhattisgarh Krishi Upad Mandi (Amendment) Bill 2020. It gives strength to the state government to control all agricultural produce markets.
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