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How To File A RTI Application In India? - Methods & Procedure.

Under the Right to Information Act 2005, every Indian citizen has full right to demand any information from the government if he/she desires to do so. It mandates timely response to citizen requests for government information.

The basic object of the Right to Information Act is to empower the citizens,promote transparency and accountability in the working of the Government.

It is an initiative taken by Department of Personnel and Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions to provide a– RTI Portal Gateway to the citizens for quick search of information on the details of first Appellate Authorities etc. amongst others, besides access to RTI related information / disclosures published on the web by various Public Authorities under the government of India as well as the State Governments.

The Government, as per the RTI ACT 2005, is liable to provide the information demanded to the citizen. If the government authority from which information is demanded fails to do so, the government authority will be penalized.

Methods To File A RTI Application
  1. Filing an RTI to a Central Government Department and approaching the Central Information Commission. [OFFLINE METHOD]

  2. Filing an RTI to Central Government Departments by ONLINE METHOD.

Procedure To File an RTI to a Central Government Department
  • Firstly, identify from which department the information has to be obtained.

  • Then write the RTI application in the prescribed format which isn’t mandatory and one can submit their application on a plain paper as well.

  • The language of the application can be Hindi or English. Similarly, the government can also respond in either language.

  • The questions asked by the applicant in the RTI Application should relate to only one subject as the application has a chance of rejection asking of more than one questions in a single RTI Application.

  • To file an application to a central government department, attach application fee of Rs. 10/- in the form of Indian Postal Order.

  • Send the RTI application via speed post/registered post and wait for the government’s response. If the applicant don’t get a reply within 30 days of sending the application, then the one can approach the central information commission for the same.

Procedure To File an RTI Application to Central Government Departments by ONLINE METHOD.

A person can file an RTI application by visiting rtionline.gov.in. and then -

  • Click on submit request option on the website.

  • On clicking on submit request option 'Guideliens for use of RTI ONLINE PORTAL' screen will be displayed.

  • Click on the checkbox 'I have read and understood the above guidelines' and then click on submit button.

  • Then Online RTI Request Form screen will be displayed.

  • Applicant can select from Select Ministry/Department/Apex body dropdown to which the one wants to file an RTI.

  • Then,'Text for RTI request application' should be upto 3000 characters. If the text is more than 3000 characters, then the application can be uploaded in supporting document field.

  • After filling all the details in the form, click on the 'make payment' option.

  • On clicking the option, Online Request Payment form will be displayed. The payment mode can be selected in this form, which can be; internet banking, ATM-cum-debit card or credit card.

  • No RTI fee is required to be paid by any citizen who is below poverty line as per RTI Rules, 2012. But, Non BPL category Person has to make a payment of Rs 10 for the fee of application as prescribed in the RTI Rules, 2012.

  • After clicking on the 'Pay' button, applicant will be directed to SBI payment gateway for payment. After completing the payment process, applicant will be redirected back to RTI Online Portal.

  • On submission of the application, a unique registration number would be issued, which may be referred by the applicant for any references in future.

  • The applicant will get an email and sms alert on submission of application in case , provided mobile number.

What is RTI Request & RTI Appeal?
  • RTI Request is filing application for the first time. Request is made by the citizen to one person (i.e. PIO - Public Information Officer) to provide information. This means that it involves only the citizen and PIO.

  • RTI Appeal is appeal before senior officer against decision of PIO. This means that here, a third person (i.e. Appellate Authority) comes between the citizen and the PIO.