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Essentials For Joint Liability |Indian Penal Code,1860

To attract the principle of joint liability under section 34 of IPC -

  • there should be some criminal act firstly;

  • the criminal act should be done by more than one person in furtherance of the common intention of all of them;

  • the common intention in the sense of a pre-arranged plan between such persons;

  • participation in some manner in the act constituting the offence by the persons sought to be prosecuted;

  • physical presence at the time of the commission of all the persons, but the physical presence of all is not necessary in some cases.

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