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All The Borrowed Features From Other Countries In Indian Constitution

Indian Constitution came into existence on 26th November 1949. The Constituent Assembly of India drafted the constitution considering features of constitutions of the other countries as well as from the Government of India Act 1935. There are various sources of the Indian constitution for some features of it are borrowed.

Indian constitution has features taken from the Government of India Act, 1935. Those features are:

  • Federal Scheme

  • Office of governor

  • Judiciary

  • Public Service Commissions

  • Emergency provisions

  • Administrative details

The other borrowed provisions from different countries are as follows:


1. Parliamentary government

2. Rule of Law

3. Legislative procedure

4. Single citizenship

5. Cabinet system

6. Prerogative writs

7. Parliamentary privileges

8. Bicameralism


1. Directive Principles of State Policy

2. Nomination of members to Rajya Sabha

3. Method of election of the president

Unites States of America

1. Impeachment of the president

2. Functions of president and vice-president

3. Removal of Supreme Court and High court judges

4. Fundamental Rights

5. Judicial review

6. Independence of judiciary

7. The preamble of the constitution


1. Federation with a strong Centre

2. Vesting of residuary powers in the Centre

3. Appointment of state governors by the Centre

4. Advisory jurisdiction of the Supreme Court


1. Concurrent List

2. Freedom of trade

3. Commerce and intercourse

4. The joint sitting of the two Houses of Parliament

Soviet Constitution (USSR, now Russia)

1. Fundamental duties

2. The ideal of justice (social, economic, and political) in the Preamble


1. The ideals of the Republic in the Preamble

2. The ideals of liberty in the Preamble

3. The ideals of equality in the Preamble

4. The ideals of fraternity in the Preamble

Weimar Constitution of Germany

1. Suspension of Fundamental Rights during Emergency


1. Concept of “procedure established by Law”

South Africa

1. Procedure for amendment in the Indian Constitution

2. Election of members of Rajya Sabha

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