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Advancement To Economically Weaker Sections - The Constitution (124th Amendment) Bill,2019



The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Fourth Amendment) Bill, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha by the Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment on January 8, 2019. The Bill seeks to provide for the advancement of “economically weaker sections” of citizens.


‘Economically weaker sections’ to be defined by the State from time to time on the basis of family income and other indicators of economic disadvantage.


The Bill seeks to amend Article 15 to additionally permit the government to provide for the advancement of “economically weaker sections”. Further, up to 10% of seats may be reserved for such sections for admission in educational institutions. Such reservation will not apply to minority educational institutions. New clause 6 inserted in Article 15 (Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth).

New clause 6 inserted in Article 16 (Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment)



The Bill seeks to amend Article 16 to permit the government to reserve up to 10% of all posts for the “economically weaker sections” of citizens. Article 16 of the Constitution prohibits discrimination in employment in any government office. New clause 6 inserted in Article 16 (Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment).


The reservation of up to 10% for “economically weaker sections” in educational institutions and public employment will be in addition to the existing reservation.

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