Updated: Jul 30, 2020
Currently, the Indian Constitution comprises 448 articles in 25 parts 12 schedules, 5 appendices, and 104 amendments. Originally, the Indian constitution had 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules.
So, Here is the list of 56 most important articles of the Indian Constitution that you must know -
Article 1 - Name and territory of the Union.
Article 12 – Definition of the state.
Article 13 – Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights.
Article 14 – Equality before the law.
Article 15 – Prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex. Or place of birth.
Article 16 – Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
Article 17 – Abolition of the untouchability.
Article 19 - Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc.
Article 20 – Protection in respect of conviction for offenses.
Article 21 – Protection of life and personal liberty.
Article 25 – Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.
Article 30 – Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
Article 32 – Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights.
Article 39A – Equal justice and free legal aid.
Article 44 – Uniform civil code. ( applicable in Goa only).
Article 45 – Provision for free and compulsory education for children.
Article 50 – Separation of judiciary from the executive.
Article 51A - Fundamental Duties.
Article 52 – The President of India.
Article 72 – Pardoning powers of President.
Article 76 – Attorney–General for India
Article 79 – Constitution of Parliament
Article 80 – Composition of Rajya Sabha
Article 81 – Composition of Lok Sabha
Article 105 – Powers, Privileges, etc. of the House of Parliament
Article 109 – Special procedure in respects of money bills
Article 123 – Powers of the President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of parliament.
Article 124 – Establishment of Supreme Court.
Article 126 – Appointment of acting Chief justice
Article 129 – Supreme Court to be a court of Record.
Article 137 – Review of judgment or orders by the Supreme Court.
Article 141 – Decision of the Supreme Court binding on all the courts.
Article 148 – Comptroller and Auditor– General of India.
Article 161 – Pardoning powers of the Governor.
Article 165 – Advocate–General of the State.
Article 214 – High Courts for states.
Article 215 – High Courts to be court of record.
Article 226 – Power of High Courts to issue certain writs.
Article 243B – Constitution of Panchayats
Article 266 – Consolidated Fund and Public Accounts Fund
Article 267 – Contingency Fund of India
Article 280 – Finance Commission
Article 300 A – Right to property.
Article 301 – Freedom to trade, commerce, and intercourse.
Article 315 – Public service commissions for the union and for the states.
Article 323A – Administrative Tribunals.
Article 324 – Superintendence, direction and control of Elections to be vested in an Election Commission.
Article 338 – National Commission for the SC & ST.
Article 343 – Official languages of the Union.
Article 345 – Official languages or languages of a state.
Article 348 – Languages to be used in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts.
Article 352 – Proclamation of emergency (National Emergency).
Article 356 – State Emergency (President’s Rule).
Article 360 – Financial Emergency.
Article 361 – Protection of President and Governors.
Article 368 – Powers of Parliaments to amend the constitution.
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