• Legal Bonanza

56 Most Important Articles Of Constitution That You Must Know

Updated: Jul 30

Currently, the Indian Constitution comprises 448 articles in 25 parts 12 schedules, 5 appendices, and 104 amendments. Originally, the Indian constitution had 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules.



So, Here is the list of 56 most important articles of the Indian Constitution that you must know -


  • Article 1 - Name and territory of the Union.

  • Article 12 – Definition of the state.

  • Article 13 – Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights.

  • Article 14 – Equality before the law.

  • Article 15 – Prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex. Or place of birth.

  • Article 16 – Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.

  • Article 17 – Abolition of the untouchability.

  • Article 19 - Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc.

  • Article 20 – Protection in respect of conviction for offenses.

  • Article 21 – Protection of life and personal liberty.

  • Article 25 – Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.

  • Article 30 – Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.



  • Article 32 – Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights.

  • Article 39A – Equal justice and free legal aid.

  • Article 44 – Uniform civil code. ( applicable in Goa only).

  • Article 45 – Provision for free and compulsory education for children.

  • Article 50 – Separation of judiciary from the executive.

  • Article 51A - Fundamental Duties.

  • Article 52 – The President of India.

  • Article 72 – Pardoning powers of President.

  • Article 76 – Attorney–General for India

  • Article 79 – Constitution of Parliament

  • Article 80 – Composition of Rajya Sabha



  • Article 81 – Composition of Lok Sabha

  • Article 105 – Powers, Privileges, etc. of the House of Parliament

  • Article 109 – Special procedure in respects of money bills

  • Article 123 – Powers of the President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of parliament.

  • Article 124 – Establishment of Supreme Court.

  • Article 126 – Appointment of acting Chief justice

  • Article 129 – Supreme Court to be a court of Record.

  • Article 137 – Review of judgment or orders by the Supreme Court.

  • Article 141 – Decision of the Supreme Court binding on all the courts.

  • Article 148 – Comptroller and Auditor– General of India.

  • Article 161 – Pardoning powers of the Governor.




  • Article 165 – Advocate–General of the State.

  • Article 214 – High Courts for states.

  • Article 215 – High Courts to be court of record.

  • Article 226 – Power of High Courts to issue certain writs.

  • Article 243B – Constitution of Panchayats

  • Article 266 – Consolidated Fund and Public Accounts Fund

  • Article 267 – Contingency Fund of India

  • Article 280 – Finance Commission

  • Article 300 A – Right to property.

  • Article 301 – Freedom to trade, commerce, and intercourse.

  • Article 315 – Public service commissions for the union and for the states.



  • Article 323A – Administrative Tribunals.

  • Article 324 – Superintendence, direction and control of Elections to be vested in an Election Commission.

  • Article 338 – National Commission for the SC & ST.

  • Article 343 – Official languages of the Union.

  • Article 345 – Official languages or languages of a state.

  • Article 348 – Languages to be used in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts.

  • Article 352 – Proclamation of emergency (National Emergency).

  • Article 356 – State Emergency (President’s Rule).

  • Article 360 – Financial Emergency.

  • Article 361 – Protection of President and Governors.

  • Article 368 – Powers of Parliaments to amend the constitution.


Disclaimer - This post is just for an information purpose, we do not claim any authenticity regarding the content of this post. If you find any content which is offensive or infringes on your intellectual property rights for any reason, you are free to contact and inform us at any moment. We will consider requests to remove the content but we are not obligated to or so or to respond to you directly.

108 views
  • Facebook
  • YouTube
  • Instagram
  • Twitter
  • telegram-black
  • 1964408-512