25 Important Laws That Every Indian Citizen Must Know
Updated: Dec 8, 2019
Knowing laws are not only ensures a sense of security but also bestows us with incredible empowerment. Hence, These are 25 Important Laws That Every Indian Citizen Must Know which are stated as follows:-
Section 46 Of Criminal Procedure Code - No woman can be arrested before 6 A.M. and after 6 P.M.
FREE LEGAL AID - Under the Legal Service Authorities Act, 1987 a free Legal Aid service is provided to all the Indians who cannot afford the hefty fees of the lawyers.
LPG customers are entitled to a cover of Rs 40 Lakh - All registered LPG customers are entitled to a cover of Rs 40 Lakh in case of loss of life or damage to property due to cylinder explosions. This cover is for the entire family.
Maximum Retail Price, 2014 - No shopkeeper can charge a higher price of goods than the printed price. But the consumer can bargain for a lower price or discount.
Only female officers can escort women to the police station - In case of a serious crime, a written permit from the magistrate is required for male officers to escort her.
Cannot register a petition for divorce within a year of marriage - Under Section 14 of the Hindu Marriage Act 1955, a couple cannot register a petition for divorce within a year of marriage. However, if the High Court feels that the petitioner is experiencing immense problems then the former can permit the latter to file for divorce.
Section -185 to 202 of Motor Vehicle Act,1988 - At the time of driving if your 100ml. blood contains more than 30mg. of alcohol then the police can arrest you without a warrant.
Cannot adopt two children of the same sex - According to the Hindu adoption and maintenance act of 1956, a married couple cannot adopt two children the same sex.
Cannot Refuse to File an FIR - A police officer cannot refuse to file an FIR, and in case he denies, he can be jailed for up to 6 months to 2 years under Section 166 A of CrPC.
Indian Sirius Act,1887 - Any hotel can’t prohibit you from drinking potable water and using its washrooms.
Women can lodge a complaint via email
Maternity Benefit Act,1961 - A pregnant woman cannot be fired off from a company. It is a punishable offense and shall result in imprisonment for a maximum of 3 years.
The Limitation Act states that if you aren't paid by someone who is contracted to pay you, you need to file a complaint within 3 years.
Under the Information Technology Act, 2000 voices and messages recorded in a tape recorder or phone can be used as evidence at court.
As per Section 129 of the Indian Motor Vehicle Act, wearing the helmet is must for two-wheeler riders. Section 128 of this Motor Vehicle Act limits the maximum two riders on the bikes. This law also says that if the traffic police officer snatches the key from the car or motorcycle, it is illegal. You have the full right to launch a Legal proceeding against the officer.
Public notice when buying immovable property - While immovable property (flat or land), giving a public notice in the newspaper is a must. It doesn’t matter which one.
Live-in- Relationship is Legal in India - Domestic violence is also applicable to such a relationship under PWDVA, 2005 and a woman can get protection under this act even if she is not legally married on paper.
Income Tax Act, 1961 - In the case of tax violations, the tax collection officer has the power to arrest you but before arresting you, he/she will have to send a notice to you.
A police officer is always on duty - If they receive any complaint or if they notice any crime happening around them, they cannot say "I am not on duty". This rule is applicable even if they are not in uniform.
If found involved in any ‘obscene activity‘ at any public place, a person could be imprisoned for 3 months. While no specific definition has been given to the term ‘obscene activity’ by the law. - Indian Penal code – Section 294.
No head constable can fine you for any offence which presently has a penalty for more than Rs.100.
Article 22(1) and 22(2) that looks after the Preventive Detention in India says that no person who is arrested can be detained longer than 24-hours and has to be produced before the judge.
Delhi Rent Control Act, 1958, Section 14 - If you are living in Delhi then your landlord does not have the right to forcefully vacate your house without giving prior notice to you.
Equal pay to men and women - Article 39(D) of the Constitution of India grants equal pay to men and women at their workplaces. This is an amazing law as all over the world women are fighting for their rights to be paid and treated equally in the working environment.
Porn is Legal In India - Section – 292 of Indian Penal Code and Section 67 of the Information Technology Act states that Possessing Pornographic material is legal. It is illegal and punishable only when one sells, distributes or circulated it in any manner.
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