• Legal Bonanza

14 Important Legal Terms & Phrases That We Commonly Use Under Criminal Law



1. Place


A place is a particular portion or area which can be used for the general gathering of public i.e. for everyone or can be used for the private purpose for a certain number of persons.


2. Pleader


A pleader is a person who appears in a court to represent another person in the court for their issues or matter. Simply we can say that pleader is an advocate or lawyer who represents his client in the court for their respective cases.


3. Penal


Penal is a prescribed form of a list of punishments for the persons who did wrong towards the society which is declared crime under the legal system of the society.


4. Public Servant


A person who works for the government of the society and appointed for the work given by the government itself such as police officers and city clerks etc.


5. Movable Property


A thing or thing belonging to someone which is not fixed to any location and which can be easily capable to be moved from one place to another, such thing is considered as movable property. For example, vehicles, clothing, and jewelry come under the movable property.



6. Wrongful Gain


Wrongful Gain is a way of receiving specified treatment from something by any person who is not legally deserving of having a special right on that thing which he/she obtained.


7. Wrongful Loss


The loss occurred to the person who is legally deserving of having special rights on the property which is obtained by someone by way of wrongful gain is considered as the wrongful loss. For example, if a person demolished any construction standing beside a public road without any reason can be held responsible for wrongful loss.


8. Dishonestly


Any person who did anything with an aim or plan to obtain wrongful gain or cause wrongful loss to any other person then this kind of act will be considered as the thing done dishonestly by that person under the criminal law.


9. Fraudulently


A person who did anything with an aim or plan to obtain money illegally from someone by deception then this kind of act by that person will be considered as the act done fraudulently under the criminal law.


10. Reason to believe


A person is said to have "reason to believe" at anything if he has enough believe to make it happen but not in different situations.




11. Accident in doing a lawful act


A person is not responsible for doing anything because of some unfortunate incident that happens unexpectedly without any purpose or aim by him during his way of doing something which is permitted by-laws or rules.


12. Act of a child under seven years of age


Any person who is below the age of seven years that is a child or we may call him/her a minor also is a legal term, is not responsible for doing anything which is not permitted by law.


13. Act of a child above seven and under twelve


Any person who is above seven years but below twelve years of age is not responsible for doing anything which is not permitted by law as if he/she doesn't succeed in achieving sufficient state of being mature to understand the character and effect of his actions at that time.


14. Act of a person of unsound mind


Any person is not responsible for doing anything which is not permitted by law as if he/she was not in a state of ability to think and reason and not capable to understand the nature and effect of his actions at that time.

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